The world’s first underground railway is the London Underground, known lovingly as “The Tube“. It opened on January 9, 1863 and carried its first passenger the next day between Paddington and Farringdon. The Metropolitan Railway, as it was called then, ran for three miles (five kilometres) and had seven stops.
The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, described the Tube as “arguably the best, and most iconic, underground transport system in the world“.
To celebrate the Anniversary, many activities and events have been planned. Some of them are:
- 40,000 people rode the Tube on its first day in 1863.
- During the morning rush hour London’s busiest Tube station is Waterloo, with 57,000 people entering during the three-hour peak. The busiest station in terms of passengers each year is also Waterloo with 82 million.
- The Tube provides jobs for 19,000 people.
- The London Transport symbol – a red circle with a horizontal blue bar is called “the roundel”, it first appeared in 1908.
- “Mind the gap” is a warning to train passengers to take caution while crossing the gap between the train door and the station platform. It was introduced in 1969. The phrase is also associated with t-shirts that Transport for London sells featuring the phrase printed over a London Transport symbol.
An interesting video (might not be available in all countries):